Fragmentation damage warhead’s mechanism and characteristics:
Fragmentation warheads are high-energy explosives, and upon impact form a large number of high-speed fragments, increasing ignition and detonation damage, and can be used for anti-effectives (human, animal), no armor or light armored vehicles, aircraft, radar and missiles and other weapons and equipment. Fragmentation warheads can be divided into natural, pre-control and pre-fragmented warhead types.
Prefabricated fragments have a considerable effect on missile body structures, but typically only in low-pressure chambers, such as forced large-caliber bullets and grenades. These applications are the most common in aircraft shells, grenades, mines and so on. The current high chamber pressure prefabricated artillery fragments are used in canister form, such as Switzerland, L70-type 40 mm grenade where the overhead is filled with tungsten carbide balls.
Prefabricated fragment technology has been widely used in all types of warheads. As an example, cylindrical fragments (tungsten columns) is widely used for air defense, anti-radiation, and anti-surface because of its high density and armor-piercing capability.